Basics of Internet Architecture:
The Internet is basically a network based on client-server network and internet architecture is subject matter entities involved or like as blueprint diagram that how it is going to process. As we have already discussed types of networking, in we have learnt that there are many kinds of networking like client-server networking, peer-to-peer networking and so on but whenever you need information, you search it through search engines or get that on certain website you know, means you ask information and you are yielded the information. Conclusively you are the client and there is web server located somewhere seems like a server.
INTERNET ARCHITECTURE CONSISTS MAINLY THE FOLLOWING TERMS:
content delivery network a content delivery network or content distribution network (CDN) is a large distributed system of servers deployed in multiple data centers across the internet the goal of a CDN is to serve content to end users with high availability and high-performance CDNs serve a large fraction of the internet content today including wed object (text graphics and scripts ), downloadable object (media files, software, and documents), application (e-commerce, portals )live streaming media, on-demand streaming media, and social networks.
Domain Name System:
The domain name system (DNS) is a hierarchical distributed naming system for computers, services, or any resource connected to the internet or a private network. It associates information with domain names assigned to each of the participating entities. must prominently, It translates easily memorized domain names to the numerical IP address needed for the purpose of locating computer services and devices worldwide. By providing a worldwide distributed keyword-based redirection service, the Domain name system is an essential component of the functionally of the Internet
the internet protocol (IP) is the principal communication protocol in the internet protocol suite for relaying datagram across network boundaries. Its routing function enables internetworking and essentially establishes the Internet.IP, as the primary protocol in the internet layer of the internet protocol suite, has the task of delivering packets from the source host to the destination host solely based on the IP addresses the packet headers. For this purpose, IP defines packet structures that encapsulate the data to be delivered. It also defines addressing methods that are used to label datagram with source and destination information.
Networking address translation:
networking address translation (NAT) is a networking protocol used in IPV4 1 networking that allows multiple devices to connect to a public network using the same public IP4 address. NAT was originally designed in an attempt to help conserve IP4 addresses.
Also read here about What is the Internet for clear the topic.
In the computer, a proxy server I a server (a computer system or an application) that acts an intermediary for the request from clients seeking resources from other servers. A client connects to the proxy server, requesting some service, such as file connection, web page or other resources available from the different server and proxy server evaluates the request as the way to simplify and control its complexity. Proxies were invented to add structure and encapsulation distributed systems. Today, most proxies are web proxies, facilitating access to content on the World Wide Web.